It takes up the latest southern area part of the Korean peninsula
- Central Intelligence Agency – The world Factbook – Southern Korea
- Federal Geographic Children – Places – South Korea
- Asia Neighborhood – Cardio to have Internationally Studies – Korean Record and Political Geography
- Authoritative Tourist Website out-of South Korea
- globalEDGE – Southern Korea
- Southern Korea – Kid’s Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11)
- South Korea – Scholar Encyclopedia (Many years eleven or over)
South Korea, country into the Eastern Asia. The nation are bordered by the Popular Mans Republic out of Korea (Northern Korea) to your north, new East Water (Ocean of The japanese) towards eastern, the latest East Asia Ocean towards the south, as well as the Yellow Ocean on western; on the the southern area of it is split up in the Japanese island out of Tsushima of the Korea Strait. South Korea accounts for forty five % of your own peninsula’s residential property city. The administrative centre is actually Seoul (Soul).
Southern Korea confronts Northern Korea all over a great demilitarized zone (DMZ) 2.5 kilometers (cuatro kilometres) wider that was established because of the terms of this new 1953 armistice one to finished attacking on the Korean Battle (1950–53). The new DMZ, and therefore runs for about 150 miles (240 kilometer), comprises the latest 1953 armed forces cease-fire line and around employs latitude 38° Letter (new 38th parallel) about lips of the Han Lake on the western coastline of your own Korean peninsula in order to a small southern of one’s North Korean town of Kosong towards eastern coastline.
Geologically, South Korea consists in the large section of Precambrian rocks (i.e., more than about 540 billion yrs . old) including granite and you may gneiss. The world is actually mountainous, with short valleys and you will thin seaside plains. The fresh T’aebaek Slopes run-in approximately a northern-southern area guidance along side east shore and you can northward into North Korea, building the nation’s water drainage split. From their store multiple mountain range branch out of which have an excellent northeast-southwest positioning. The most important of those are definitely the Sobaek Hills, which undulate inside a long S-contour along the peninsula. Not one out of Southern area Korea’s mountains have become high: the latest T’aebaek Slopes reach a height of five,604 legs (step 1,708 metres) within Install Sorak regarding the northeast, therefore the Sobaek Mountains come to six,283 base (1,915 yards) within Attach Chiri. The highest height from inside the Southern area Korea, the newest extinct volcano Mount Halla on the Cheju Island, try 6,398 foot (step one,950 yards) a lot more than sea-level.
South Korea has a couple volcanic islands-Cheju (Jeju), from the peninsula’s southern tip, and you will Ullung, throughout the 85 kilometers (140 kilometres) eastern of the mainland regarding the East Sea-and you may a tiny-scale lava plateau inside Kangwon state. In addition, South Korea claims and you may uses up a small grouping of rugged islets-understood variously just like the Liancourt Rocks, Tok (Dok) Isles (Korean), or take Countries (Japanese)-particular 55 kilometers (85 km) southeast out-of Ullung Isle; such islets likewise have come stated from the Japan.
You’ll find pretty extensive lowlands across the down areas of the fresh new nation’s main streams. Brand new eastern coast is fairly upright, while the fresh new western and you may southern area features most challenging ria (we.e., creek-indented) coastlines with many countries. The fresh superficial Red-colored Sea and advanced Korean coast generate that of the most extremely noticable tidal variations in the country-about 30 legs (nine yards) restrict in the Inch’on (Incheon), the fresh new entryway port getting Seoul.
Southern Korea’s about three principal rivers, the new Han, Kum, and you can Naktong, the features the supply on T’aebaek Slopes, and so they circulate between the range just before entering the lowland plains. Quite a few of the nation’s streams disperse westward or southward towards the sometimes the brand new Yellow Ocean or perhaps the Eastern Asia Water; not absolutely all short, swift rivers drain eastward regarding the T’aebaek Mountains. The fresh Naktong Lake, Southern area Korea’s longest, operates southward getting 325 miles (523 kilometer) towards Korea Strait. Streamflow is extremely adjustable, are best into the moist summer time and significantly less within the the brand new apparently lifeless winter months.
Much of South Korea’s soils be a consequence of granite and you can gneiss. Exotic and you will brown-coloured grounds are common, and are usually fundamentally well-leached and also have absolutely nothing humus posts. Podzolic earth (ash-gray tree grounds), due to frigid weather of your own a lot of time wintertime, are located on the highlands.
The very best impact on the weather of your own Korean peninsula is actually their distance into the main Far eastern landmass. So it produces this new noted june-wintertime temperature extremes regarding a good continental weather while also establishing the latest northeast Western monsoons (seasonal wind gusts) which affect rain designs. New annual listing of weather is higher throughout the north and you can into the interior regions of new peninsula compared to the newest southern area and you may along side shore, reflecting the fresh cousin reduction in continental has an effect on on the second areas.
Southern Korea’s temperature is characterized by a cool, relatively lifeless cold temperatures filipino cupid and you can a hot, moist june. This new coldest mediocre monthly temperatures inside winter season drop less than cold except across the southern shore. The average January heat in the Seoul is within the reasonable 20s °F (on ?5 °C), because the related mediocre from the Pusan (Busan), into the southeast coast, is in the mid-30s °F (about 2 °C). By comparison, june temperature is actually apparently uniform all over the country, the average monthly heat to own August (brand new warmest month) being in this new higher seventies °F (about twenty-five °C).
Annual precipitation selections from around thirty five to sixty ins (900 to 1,500 mm) to your mainland. Taegu, towards east coast, is the driest urban area, since southern shore ‘s the wettest; south Cheju Area obtains over 70 ins (step one,800 mm) annually. Doing about three-fifths of your own annual rain is actually gotten for the June–August, during the summer monsoon, the brand new annual delivery getting even more inside the ultimate south. From time to time, late-june typhoons (warm cyclones) bring about heavy showers and storms across the southern area shore. Rain for the cold weather drops mostly just like the accumulated snow, into the heaviest numbers occurring regarding T’aebaek Hills. The new frost-totally free 12 months ranges of 170 days regarding north highlands so you can over 240 weeks to your Cheju Island.